System approach in oncological care

Kozlovsky Éva, Szemán Anita
Dél-pesti Centrumkórház, Országos Hematológiai és Infektológiai Intézet, Onkológiai és Hospice-osztály, Budapest

As a successor of the traditional biomedical approach the biopsychosocial model provides an explanation for the origin of diseases which does not only focus on the biologic aspects, but suggests the infl uence of psychological and social factors as well. Paradigm shift resulted enhanced physician-patient cooperation while treatments have been expanded with the consideration of psychological and social factors which enabled the multidisciplinary team to more precisely estimate the patient’s condition and suitability for treatment, therefore, comprehensive direction of intervention can be conducted. Reactions, adaptation and coping with cancer can be described as an interaction of individual level, which involves the psychological features of the person in addition with social level that can be explained by family context.

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