The role of next-generation sequencing in clinical oncology

Kotmayer Lili (1,2), Bödör Csaba (1,2)
(1) HCEMM-SE Molekuláris Onkohematológia Kutatócsoport, Budapest
(2) I. Sz. Patológiai és Kísérleti Rákkutató Intézet, Semmelweis Egyetem, Budapest

Over the past decade next-generation sequencing has led to the in-depth understanding of the molecular background and driving mechanisms in most types of cancer. Parallel to the technological advances, novel targeted therapies have become available for oncology patients. As a result of this process, molecular diagnostics is now one of the main cornerstones of precision medicine with predictive biomarkers aiding patient care in oncology. In addition to standard monogenic testings, recently multigene testing methods based on next-generation sequencing came into view, supporting targeted therapeutic decisions and personalized medicine. In this review, we aim to depict the most important professional aspects related to the reasonable application of next-generation sequencing and the inter pretation of its results.

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